View Point

The Changing Scenario of Management Education in India
Prof. C. S. Venkataratnam, Member, FICCI Higher Education Committee & Director, IMI, New Delhi
Ms Shobha Mishra,
Joint Director & Team Leader, Education & Health Services Division, FICCI
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By Neha Sardana

Chief Guest : Mr. Kapil Sibal, Union Minister of HRD, Govt. Of India.

Mr. Kapil Sibal, Union Minister of HRD, Govt. Of India, the lead speaker has welcomed all the members present at the 38th Shri Ram Memorial Lecture, 17th May 2010, PHD House, New Delhi on the topic "INCLUSIVE EDUCATION FOR THE MARGINALIZED". He had started with opening remarks that there is no representative from the marginalized sector in this gathering.

Commenced his lecture by highlighting that 30 years ago the wealth of any business house was based on the Ownership of Physical Assets, today there is a paradigm shift in what constitutes the wealth of a business house it is no more the physical assets, instead, wealth of any business house depends on the "Intangible Assets" and these are mainly the Intellectual Power or the creative ideas that in turn translate to product.

Mr. Sibal further emphasized that this Intangible Asset is ultimately created at the institutes of higher education.

He compared the Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) of Developed countries with that of India which is 40-50% and 12.4% respectively, i.e., for every 1 million, there are 4000-5000 enrolled in R&D, whereas in India it is only 157 for every million. The need of the hour is increase this GER to 30 % by 2020. This is the rationale behind all economic reforms taking place is India.

How to get the marginalized into the system? What is the responsibility of the Business Community?

Both the Govt. of India and the Business community should work hand in hand to develop the nation.

The recent Right to Education (RTE) bill and fundamental right to education does not mean that it is compulsory for the child to be primary educated, it is actually incumbent on the State, i.e., it is the State's obligation to provide neighborhood schools to the marginalized sector of the population. It is based on the demand & supply model and the State is solely responsible to provide a neighborhood school.

The RTE speaks of 25 % reservation in the neighborhood schools for students belonging to the marginalized population in that neighborhood. The roll out period will be 8 years, i.e., student enters the 25% reservation in class I only. The 25 % reservation is not applicable in the subsequent classes.

What are the options for including the marginalized ? What can the GOI do? How can the Business community help/contribute to increase the number of marginalized population to get education?

Option 1
A number of Govt./MCD schools can be made available to the Business community after 2:00 pm to run afternoon/evening shifts or use the school as a Skill Development Centre for the marginalized population.

Option 2
PPP model: Get a school from govt., 50% admitted students to pay fees, remaining 50 % students to be from marginalized community. Govt. will pay the fee for the marginalized students.

Option 3
Philanthropy: Take over a school and provide free education.

Govt.'s plan

To build 6500 schools in Economically Marginal Blocks. Of these 3500 to be built by GOI and 3000 to be build through PPP mode. Business community can get land and building as per the norms, they will admit 1000 students nominated by the Govt. and will get the cost of fees of these from the govt.

Mr. Kapil Sibal, also informed that there is a meltdown in demographics in Developed countries, they will face a shortage of skilled manpower in their countries, India with its demography is at an advantage and therefore need to reach the 30% GER by 2020. India should have the critical mass of skilled manpower by 2020, by 2012 the GER should reach 15% (with the existing 22000 colleges and 480 Universities), to meet the 30 % GER in 2020, this means that the next 15 % is to be met within a timeframe of 8 years and in order to meet the target, additional 35000 colleges and 700 Universities will have to be established.

Other points

• It is imperative to have Skill Development in Community Colleges the skill development sector will increase exponentially. Govt. will allow to set up educational institutes.
• ICT mission, IITs academicians to design.
• To overcome shortage of teachers for RTE, Govt. has asked to commence recruitments even those without necessary qualifications and qualify the norms within 5 years, else be disqualified and lose the job.
• No inspection to be conducted by UGC or AICTE, the Institute /University to be absolutely transparent on their websites and provide affidavit that there is no flouting of norms, else will be prosecuted.
• Inclusive education also includes physically impaired.
• To introduce course in animation with the help of Bollywood and CBSE to design the course, similar approach to be maintained in other skill areas.
• Govt. is ready/open to any and every possible economic model.
• 546 million Indian population is